Wisdom

Wisdom
An Integral View
By Roger Walsh
The Integral framework is used to integrate Western, cross-cultural, and contemplative perspectives in exploring topics such as the nature and definition of wisdom, whether there are different types of wisdom, the relationship between wisdom and development, and contemplative methods for cultivating wisdom.

Wisdom is vitally important to individual and collective well-being yet has been almost completely ignored in the modern Western world. This article uses the Integral framework to integrate Western, cross-cultural, and contemplative perspectives in exploring topics such as the nature and definition of wisdom, whether there are different types of wisdom, the relationship between wisdom and development, and contemplative methods for cultivating wisdom. An argument is made that people’s abilities to acquire, recognize, and utilize wisdom depend on their developmental stage as well as the range of states of consciousness they can access. Finally, using an integral approach, the article demonstrates how philosophical, psychological, religious, and contemplative strands of wisdom studies can be woven together.