Forgiveness and Individual Psychotherapy
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What is the integral nature of forgiveness? Forgiveness is often cited as a mature capacity or as a therapeutic intervention. There are several forgiveness therapies in use, but many authors have voiced concern over the possible dangers of encouraging forgiveness, especially in trauma sur- vivors. This article explores how the Integral framework can help therapists and patients untangle the numerous intertwined strands contained within this basic, widely used, and powerful concept. The developmental spectrum of forgiveness and the effects of trauma are emphasized. Application of an integral process model and the nature of ordinary states are explored. The toggle nature of forgiveness is also described.