Toward an Integral Treatment Methodology for Schizophrenia
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The treatment of schizophrenia has been largely divided into two opposing viewpoints: the medical model and the biopsychosocial model. The medical model treats schizophrenic symptomology with anti-psychotic medications. The biopsychosocial model is a more holistic approach that considers the physical, psychological, and social functioning of the individual. These two approaches are both accurate but partial treatments of schizophrenia, as they exclude real aspects of the schizophrenic’s experience. This article examines these two approaches and offers a third approach, an Integral approach, which transcends and includes both the medical and the biopsychosocial approach. By providing a framework that includes the partial truths of all perspectives, the Integral model embraces both the medical and the biopsychosocial models. The Integral model offers a more comprehensive, balanced, and inclusive approach that acknowledges mind, body, and spirit and how they manifest in self, culture, and nature.