Integral Ecological Research
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In order for any individual to examine any part of reality they must employ a particular methodology. Integral Methodological Pluralism (IMP) acknowledges that there are at least eight methodological families we can use to study any phenomena. In this article I assume a working knowledge of IMP and build on that material by reviewing mixed method approaches to research. Then I introduce Integral research, which is based on Integral Methodological Pluralism, and provide an overview of some considerations of Integral research. Next I discuss how different approaches to ecology use different methods and provide an overview of the modes of inquiry associated with different ecological realities. To illustrate IMP’s ability to provide a framework for mixed methods research, I examine two exemplars in the fields of animal consciousness and sustainability.