An Overview of Integral International Development
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International development is a diverse field attempting to address some of the most pressing global problems facing humanity today. Although the field has come a long way over the past five decades, it is far from perfect. In this article, I discuss how the quadrants, lines, and levels of Integral Theory assist in this ongoing refinement of international development practice. The quadrants provide a framework to identify and work with interior and exterior realities of individuals and groups. Quadrants also enable an integrated use of objective, subjective, and intersubjective methodologies in development interventions. An understanding of developmental lines offers a detailed and nuanced view of capacity building, which can more accurately identify and work with the existing skills and potentials in individuals. Working skillfully with levels in international development can help practitioners engage in the psychology of empowerment and more effectively communicate to a variety of worldviews and value systems. In applying quadrants, lines, and levels, an Integral approach recognizes that development problems need both interior and exterior solutions. Finally, I offer a practical example of the Integral approach in a community development project in El Salvador.