Case Studies in Integral Approaches in International Development
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This article looks at innovative practice in the field of international development, by way of sharing findings from an integral research project designed and implemented by the Canadian NGO Drishti-Centre for Integral Action with six organizations working in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Each organization integrates interior and exterior dimensions of reality in addressing important issues in international development. Some apply elements of Integral Theory; others use a more intuitively integral approach. The resulting six case studies explore how elements of Integral Theory are used, either in an informed or intuitive manner. The case studies provide insight into the importance of addressing interior and exterior factors present in development issues, and also illustrate how Integral Theory is of service in this way. This article includes a discussion about the use of Integral Research as a comprehensive mixed-methods approach to understanding the fullness and nuance of phenomena. The discussion of research findings describe what methodologies these organizations include in their approaches, how their approaches work with the beneficiaries they intend to serve, and where the growing edge of the field is today.